Precision CityShield Against Hazardous Chemicals Threats via Location Mining and Self-Supervised Learning

Abstract

With the unprecedented development of industrialization and urbanization, many hazardous chemicals have become an indispensable part of our daily life. They are produced, transported, and consumed in modern cities every day, which breeds many unknown hazardous chemicals-related locations (HCLs) that are out of the supervision of management departments and accompanying huge threats to urban safety. How to recognize these unknown HCLs and identify their risk levels is an essential task for urban hazardous chemicals management. To accomplish this task, in this work, we propose a system named as CityShield to discover hidden HCLs and classify their risk levels based on trajectories of hazardous chemicals transportation vehicles. The CityShield system consists of three components. The first component is Data Pre-processing, which filters noises in raw trajectories and probes stable transportation vehicles’ stay points from massive uncertain GPS points. The second is HCL Recognition, which adopts the proposed HCL-Rec algorithm to cluster stay points into polygonal HCLs, and avoids the improper location merging problem caused by the skewed spatial distribution of HCLs. The third component is HCL Classification, which introduces the HCL relation graph as auxiliary information to overcome the label scarcity problem of HCLs. It adopts a selfsupervised method consisting of four pre-training tasks to learn high-quality representations for HCLs from the graph, which are finally used to classify the categories and risk levels of HCLs. The CityShield system has been deployed in Nantong, an important hazardous chemicals import and export city in China. Experiments and case studies on two large-scale real-world datasets collected from Nantong demonstrated the effectiveness of the proposed system. In real-world applications, the CityShield system discovered 173 high-risk unknown HCLs for the Nantong government, and successfully moved the hazardous chemicals management of Nantong to the prevention rather than emergency response side.

Publication
In Proceedings of The 28th ACM SIGKDD international conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining, 2022

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